Patent Searches

A patent search cannot be performed by just anyone! Each search is carried out by an engineer or scientist who is a native English speaker and an expert patent searcher. The searching strategy and final results are approved by a licensed Patent Attorney. The combination of these elements enables the search to be comprehensive and thorough.

A Patent Attorney or a patent agency, such as InventHelp, is familiar with patent drafting which aids in the formulation of keyword combinations, an engineer or scientist uses his technical vocabulary to broaden the search and a fluent English speaker utilizes uncommonly used keywords and their synonyms, which may have been used to describe an invention.

There are numerous techniques to find the most relevant prior art. These include:

Keyword searching – Every search comprises an advanced boolean based keyword search of the relevant sections of issued and published patent applications, including the abstract, claims and description. Typically, multiple sets of keywords are used for completeness.

Cross referencing – Relevant patents often cite other relevant patents, and are also cited by later-filed applications. Cross referencing is a very valuable tool for finding important prior art.

Class/subclass searching – Patents in the appropriate classes and subclasses according to the International Patent Classifications (IPC) and the US Classifications (USC) are reviewed for relevant prior art.

Assignee search – Companies that produce similar products are often a valuable source of  relevant prior art. This search may catch references that were not uncovered by any of the above techniques.

Internet search – Searches aren’t limited to patent databases. An internet search engine is also used when necessary to find other types of relevant art.

It is always better to hire the professionals, such as patent InventHelp agency, to perform the patent search.

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What Should Be in the Patent Application

A patent application may be filed by the inventor (or any of the co-inventors), or a legal representative, who may be an appointed agent or a person to whom rights to the invention were formally transferred by the inventor(s). Both applicant name and the name of the true inventor(s) are entered in the application.

Documents

A patent application comprises several documents, and certain forms, as described below:

Petition: a formal request for a patent, available as a printed or as part of the online application, comprising personal information about the inventor(s), assignment of an agent/representative, indication of a previous foreign or international filing date, and an optional declaration of “small-entity” fee-level entitlement;

Abstract: a brief synopsis of the invention and its use;

Description: a statement of the field of the invention, a survey of its technical background and existing solutions, a summary of the distinct features the invention possesses, a listing of the accompanying drawings, and a comprehensive, detailed technical disclosure of the various features of the invention;

Claims: succinct, precise statements of features taught by the invention;

Drawings: clear illustrations and annotations in a prescribed format, which must correspond to the provided description;

Fees: application fees must be submitted with the application, and may be remitted online or mailed to the Patent Office with the proper form.

It is all explained in details on this article – how to patent an idea with InventHelp.

The description and claims are collectively called the “specification”. A patent application must exhibit integrity and congruence: features claimed must be supported in the description and drawings, and components appearing in different drawings must be labeled identically.

Filing date

Establishing a filing date as early as possible is critical in situations where a competing development of an invention is believed to exist, or if publication or public disclosure of the invention is suspected to be imminent. Once an application is filed, subsequent applications for the same invention by other inventors (in that country) will be rejected, and publications or public disclosures of the invention will not affect it.

Ideally, an application should be completed properly before it is filed; but if the situation is such that it is imperative to establish a filing date with a minimal delay, a skeletal, incomplete application may be filed, and then completed at a later time. To establish a filing date an application must contain the following:

  • an indication that a patent is sought;
  • name and address of the applicant or representative;
  • a description of the invention;
  • an application fee.

To complete the application a petition must be submitted, along with the remainder of the documents as listed in the ‘documents’ section above. If an application is completed within fifteen months of its filing date, no fee is levied. If an application remains incomplete at the expiry of this period, a Commissioner’s Notice is sent requisitioning the applicant to complete the application within three months, and remit the prescribed completion fee to avoid abandonment. For more information you could read patent my invention through InventHelp article.

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Variety of Patent Searches and Reports

In some cases the USPTO is requiring inventors to classify their own application before it can be accepted. There are specific rules of classification that must be followed in order to have an accurate and complete classification. As can be seen from the Patent Process, this can, and often is, a difficult task that requires an expert to perform as recommended in how to get a patent with InventHelp article.

Patentability/Novelty Search

The Patentability or Novelty search is the most common type of patent search and is most often done when an inventor is interested in patenting an invention.

Validity Search

A Validity search is used to establish or abolish the legality of an issued patent for an infringement defense, or it can be used to confirm the legality of a patent prior to the assignment or licensing of the invention to another.

State of the Art Search

A State-of-the-Art search provides an overview of a technology area, also known as “the art.” Representative patents are selected that give a good overview so that it allows the user to see what is currently being developed in a given technology.

Accelerated Examination/Examination Support Search

Under certain conditions an applicant may qualify for the accelerated examination program. Search report meets all the pre-examination search, requirements, including the USPC and IPC classifications searched, as well as the search strategy and databases employed in searching patent and non-patent literature.

Collection Search

The collection search is similar to the state-of-the-art search except that it examines each and every patent in a given technology. It goes beyond the state-of-the-art search in that a detailed literature search is performed in addition to issued patents.

Literature Search

Non-patent literature, particularly technical journals, can stand as prior art in the same manner as issued patents and PGPUBs. This search examines major databases of the technical literature and is included in some of the other searches.

Expanded Foreign Art Search

Each nation has its own patent system, so that what may be patentable in the United States may not be patentable in Europe or Japan. Search for foreign patents and publications classified within the International Patent Classification (IPC) in addition to the foreign patents available through the USPTO and online database resources. Read more from – how to patent an idea with InventHelp.

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Luxury Property For Sale in La Zagaleta

Buy property in Spain and you will be developing a property investment which you can visit for years to come. Spanish properties have been popular for many years as a good investment for those of us who are cold in the winter and need some sun to inspire us. Spain has year-round sunshine, spectacular scenery, luxurious golf courses and top class transport links. If you buy property in Spain you are buying into a property market which is well developed and stable. Spain has a low cost of living, and the local people are friendly. It has a good health service, and you might even find that the news does not revolve around queues. Spain provides an excellent selection of property. There is an enormous choice of new and resale properties on the La Zagaleta for holidays, retirement or investment. This includes studios, apartments, town homes, villas, plots of land and fincas in beach front, marina, golf course, village and country locations.

Buy Property for sale in La Zagaleta ?

There are frequent flights to Spain and they are reasonably priced. The low-cost airlines fly from a wide range of airports into most major areas of Spain. Spain is also readily accessible from other European and further countries because of its’ long experience of tourism.

Spain has a cost of living which is low. Almost everything in Spain is cheaper and that includes property.

Spain has been a UK tourist destination for so long and English is spoken widely. Buying property in Spain, La Zagaleta is not a new idea – it is a well trodden path.

Spain has a holiday season which runs throughout the year. Buying a villa or apartment for holiday rental in La Zagaleta is an excellent idea. Many tourists come in the summer for the sun, and in the winter for the sun.

Spanish people are friendly and very relaxed. The perfect antidote to the rat race elsewhere.

Spain has a wide choice of experienced management companies available, which makes the process of buying La Zagaleta Property For Sale and maintaining it from a distance a realistic and feasibly option.

Like most European countries, Spain has a stable and expanding economy and a and well established tourist market. This makes buying property in Spain a sound option for investment.

La Zagaleta has been named by The World Health Organization as having the healthiest climate in the world with 320 days of sunshine a year and an average winter temperature of 15°C.

There is something for everyone in Spain, with the well known beaches and resorts being a major attraction. Spain also has a rich culture, excellent cuisine and fine wines, a varied geography, and there are Spanish festivals for all occasions.

Some Necessary Tips – TIG Welders

TIG refers to Tungsten inert gases and in this process the different types of reactive gases like magnesium and aluminum are blended together. The method was devised during the 1940’s and soon became popular after that. Today it is used for aluminum welding and other structural processes. Today the process is used for manual and high quality welding in the types of welding used today.

In the TIG welding process, an arc is made from the pointed tungsten electrode to the area that is to be welded. This in the process shields the gas which prevents oxidization of the welded material and thus gives quite a clean weld.

The different gases that are used for the process of TIG welding are helium, argon or sometimes combination of both. When single gas is used for the process of TIG welding Argon is generally preferred as they it is heavier than air and provides a better area for coverage. The combination method renders better welding speed and surface penetration.

TIG welding is performed in different types of materials. Some of the most common types of materials used are aluminum and steel. The filter rods are also welded through this process. They generally use the same material that is used for the base metals. The process is appropriate for welding heavy metals, steel fabrication and reinforcing joints.

The Different Types of TIG Welding

There are many different types of joints that are fused using TIG welding process. This includes lap joint, butt joint, t-joint and corner joint. The butt joints are fused by using filter rods. Here the two metals are molded with each other using the seam line.

The other process is lap joint where the top edges of the metals are welded with the bottom piece and are seamed in the area of their overlapping metals. In the corner joint process, one strap of metal is fused with another piece of metal at right angle to each other set in the corner and hence is called corner joint. In the t-joint process one piece of metal is set in perpendicular to the other piece of metal such that it gets a t-shape.

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Close Protection Services Overview

The Close Protection Services that security companies can provide to business and private individuals are wide and varied, generally these services can be described as the protection of personnel and assets. And these services are very easy to tailor in order to meet the specific requirements of any client, be they a large multinational company or private individual.

Security companies in UK employ both male and female CPO’s who generally work on a self employed basis sub contracting to the Company. The CPO can work on a wide range of tasks both long and short term which can include both high profile and low profile assignments. Each task that a CPO is deployed on will have had a risk level assigned to it, and the CPO can expect to be employed in a number of different roles within that task.

The profile of the task that a CPO is deployed on can vary from high, medium, to low, and can vary from standard protection to transportation of the principle.  For transportation, there are close protection security drivers London who are trained specifically for the transport of the principle from one point to another. An example of a high profile task would be when the close protection officers escort a celebrity to a public book signing appearance to promote their new book generally the close protection officers will be highly visible.

An example of a low profile task would be when the CPO escorts a jeweller who could be carrying hundreds or even millions of pounds worth of diamonds to a private viewing, the CPO and principal who they are protecting would want to keep a very low profile and attract as little attention as possible.

The level of risk that is assigned to a close protection task will ideally be determined before the task begins, by conducting an in depth threat assessment and risk analysis resulting in a risk level of low, medium or high being assigned to that task, this risk analysis will be an on going process for the duration of the task.

The role that the CPO will preform on a task will depend on a lot of different factors like the duration of the task, if it’s a long term task then they may well rotate through the various roles within that particular task. If the task is a short term one then they might preform just the one role, generally the team leader will decide what role the close protection officer will preform on any given task.

As mentioned above security companies provide a wide range of services to their clients with Close Protection Services being one of the main service they provide, weather they are working for a private individual or a large multinational company the level of service that a client can expect will always be of the highest standard.

Shutters Advantages and Benefits

Indoor shutters are one form of interior window treatment that is quickly gaining popularity for a wide variety of reasons. In fact, shutters have become the number one window covering, surpassing blinds and shades, in the country. Window treatments are a prominent feature in a room and are usually one of the first things that grab the eye when walking into a living space for the first time. They are capable of controlling the ambiance and overall mood of a room by the way they filter, block or let in the light from the outdoors. Because of their dramatic impact it’s important to choose the right style, design, and color of window treatment.

Shutters made an Interior Design Statement

For one thing, shutters compliment any style and interior design palette. With their clean and crisp lines they decrease the sagging, wrinkled, worn-out look that sometimes comes with the use of drapes or blinds. Interior shutters offer a traditional look and can fit in with just about any home decor scheme from contemporary to country and elegant to Mediterranean.

Shutters Can be Custom Made

Homes that have irregular shaped or abnormally large windows also benefit greatly from the availability of custom made interior shutters. Arched windows, circular windows, and large sliding glass doors can all be measured and fit with shutters; just one other reason homeowners opt for these versatile window treatments so often. Manufacturers also make shutters in a wide variety of colors and types of materials enabling the buyer to choose a perfect match to create the exact feel they are hoping for in a room.

Shutters are Easy to Maintain

Shutters are also very easy to keep clean and maintain. A quick wipe with a damp cloth will remove dirt, dust and grime. There’s no need to take them down to clean them as is the case with other window coverings such as blinds and drapes.

Shutters Improve Energy Efficiency

With the ever rising cost of energy most homeowners are looking for any means available to cut down on electric and gas bills. A great investment that will pay itself off many times over is the installation of shutters on windows that are exposed to intense sunlight and/or to winds, rain and snow. Shutters enhance the insulation factor of a window or glass door and decrease heating and cooling bills. Skylights often times allow in a great deal of heat and many Perth homeowners have chosen to install electrical roller shutters that are mechanically operated. This gives them the control to close the shutters during the times of the day when the sun beats directly into the opening, again decreasing overall utility bills. You should always consult with the roller shutters company, such as the Roller Smart company, before installation in order to get the best results.

Shutters are Silent When Windows are Open

For windows and glass doors that are often opened to allow in a breeze, shutters are virtually noise-free. They won’t clank and bang in the wind the way blinds or shades do. They also won’t blow half-way across the room like drapes and they can be opened or closed to a particular setting to control the ventilation of a room.

Valid United States Patent

Once filed, an application is routed to a desired group art unit at the United States Patent Office and will be assigned to an Examiner. The Examiner will examine the patent application for matters of form and the claims and will also review an Information Disclosure Statement. The Examiner will then conduct a patentability search. It is highly advisable to have professionals, like Invent Help agency, by your side.

The Examiner will then make a determination whether the patent application should be allowed and should issue into a patent or whether the patent should be rejected. Rejections do occur. It typically takes one to three years or more for this process with the Examiner.

Generally, an application may be rejected, and an amendment to the claims or a response to an office action may be prepared to obtain an allowance. There are additional costs associated with the review, issuance and publication of applications.

Also, there is no guarantee that a patent will be issued. Once issued, maintenance fees are paid to the Patent and Trademark Office at intervals to ensure that the patent remains in force.

Once the United States Patent and Trademark Office issues the patent then the holder of the patent can rights to prevent third parties from exploiting the device, apparatus, method, software or commercial product captured by the patent’s claims.

A patent is an asset and is considered the applicant’s or assignee’s property. The patent can be sold outright, or the patent can be licensed to a company on an exclusive or non-exclusive basis in exchange for revenue. An assignee of the patent can also simply hold the patent, sell the items covered by the patent and prevent others from selling the items covered by the patent as explained on https://www.iedunote.com/just-starting-out-as-an-inventor-inventhelp-is-everything-you-need.

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Services: Patent Searching

A prior patent or printed publication anywhere in the world may render an innovation unpatentable. Likewise, even if a patent is granted, a prior patent or publication that is discovered later may invalidate the patent. Therefore, if the quest for a patent is to be fruitful, it is prudent to search for and identify prior patents and other documents that might affect patent rights.

The Service

When a new innovation is first considered for patenting, it may be prudent to perform a patentability search before any patent application preparation work is performed. Depending on the circumstances, a search may be performed in-house or may be outsourced to a vendor. There are professional agencies like InventHelp that can do it for you.

There are also other types of searches that may be appropriate in certain circumstances. For example, a collection search is a retrieval of all patents in a particular technology area, and may help a client to become familiar with a particular market.

A freedom-to-operate search, which is usually performed in consultation with a patent attorney, may help a client to identify any legal consequences of manufacturing, using, or selling a particular product. Additionally, assignee searches may help to identify a particular individual or company’s patent holdings.

Searches may be conducted in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office or in the collections of foreign patent offices, depending on the particular circumstances and the client budget. However, while searches are often very valuable, searching is an art, rather than a science. That is why you should consider hiring professionals like Invent Help agency.

To that end, clients should understand that all searches are imperfect, and regardless of the results of a particular search, it is possible that more relevant art could be discovered by a patent examiner or another interested party.

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Intellectual Property Intellectual Capital

In this millennium, the newly created value is determined not so much by physical resources as by knowledge, which manifests itself in new products, technologies, skills, in new organizational forms, in new relationships with consumers. Knowledge today is becoming the main means of increasing the value of the capital of companies and enterprises, as well as achieving high results in the socio-economic sphere.

Patenting and copyright law companies, such as InventHelp company – read more about the company from InventHelp reviews, decided to jointly prepare theoretical and practical materials on the urgent problem: “What is intellectual capital and what to do with it?”

So, the companies of today are very different from the companies of the past, primarily in the new capital structure. Today this capital is determined not by material reserves, not by fixed assets, but by information, knowledge, that is, intellectual capital.

The core of a traditional company is a collection of fixed assets owned by the owners of the company, who are responsible for their safety and hire workers to put them into action. A modern company is primarily intellectual capital, which has no material form.

The owners and management of companies in all aspects of business development and competition strategy – from product development to its design, from provision of services to marketing and from fundraising to exporting or expanding a business overseas through a license or franchise – need practical help on:

– management of intellectual resources;

– assessment of intellectual capital;

– commercialization of inventions;

– assessment of intellectual property;

– effective use of intellectual assets.

InventHelp patent agency practically help the management and owners of companies to see and “materialize” the intangible assets of their business in order to reduce the risks from underestimating their impact on business processes in a competitive environment and, if possible, to give them a quantitative and qualitative assessment.

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